Power Sports and Electronic Fuel Injection Glossary
ECUIn electronic injection engines, the central processing unit supervises ignition and injector management.
ENGINE CONTROL SYSTEM A computerized brain that regulates an engine's operation by monitoring certain engine characteristics (rpm, coolant temperature, intake airflow, etc.) through a network of sensors and then controlling key variables (fuel metering, spark timing, EGR, etc.) according to pre-programmed schedules.
EXHAUST-GAS RECIRCULATION (EGR)A method of reducing NOx (oxides of nitrogen) exhaust emissions by recirculating some of the engine's exhaust gas into the intake manifold. The exhaust gas serves as inert filler that absorbs heat during the combustion process and reduces the peak temperature reached during combustion.
ELECTRIC FUEL PUMPThe electric fuel pump is a roller-cell pump driven by a permanent-magnet electric motor.
ELECTRONIC INJECTIONAssembly of electromechanical and electronic devices for the preparation and injection in the inlet tracts of the most suitable air-fuel mixture for each engine operation condition.
ENGINE MANAGEMENT The engine-management system's first and foremost task is to regulate the engine's torque generation by controlling all of those functions and factors in the various engine-management subsystems that determine how much torque is generated.
ENGINE TYPES F-Head-Side exhaust valve and overhead inlet valve. L-Head-Both valves on one side of the cylinder. T-Head-Exhaust valve on one side and inlet valve on the other side of the cylinder. (Twin-camshafts). I-Head-Both valves located directly over the piston. Also called valve-in-head or overhead valve engine. SOHC-Single overhead camshaft.
DOHC-Double overhead camshafts.
ENGINE VACUUMIs the air signal created by the intake stroke, pulling in the air/fuel mixture.
ENRICHENERA device that restricts the air intake to result in a richer fuel mixture which assists in starting the engine. This is a term used by Harley-Davidson. Another, more commonly used, term is choke. Most motorcycles have knobs or levers to pull out to decrease the air intake. After the engine has warmed up, the enrichener may be pushed back in.
EVOLUTIONThe name of the Harley-Davidson engine used from 1984-1999, sometimes called the EVO. The engine is a 45 degree V-Twin displacing 80ci/1340cc.
EXHAUST-GAS ANALYZERS Legislation reflects governmental efforts to reduce the quantities of toxic substances in exhaust gases by mandating regular periodic emissions testing for vehicles already in service.
EXHAUST MANIFOLD The network of passages that gathers the exhaust gases from the various exhaust ports and routes them toward the catalysts and mufflers of the exhaust system. A manifold with free-flowing passages of a carefully designed configuration, called a header, can improve breathing.
EXHAUST PORT The passageway in the cylinder head leading from the exhaust valves to the exhaust manifold.
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